Buzzards Bay

Buzzards Bay can be considered the "gateway to Cape Cod," especially in terms of railroading.  Buzzards Bay is on the "mainland" side of the Cape Cod Canal, and is home to (among other things) three notable railroad structures.

Cohasset Narrows
A view of Cohasset Narrows, with Buzzards Bay in the background, as seen from the cab of Cape Cod Central GP7 1501.

The largest of these is the vertical lift railroad bridge.  The bridge was constructed from 1933 to 1935, and was completed in two stages.  The first of these stages involved constructing the foundation or substructure.  Hundreds of oak piles were driven into the ground, followed by two layers of concrete, and finished with granite channel piers.  It was a complicated process, and as much work as possible was done by hand labor, to provide jobs during the depression.  On January 4, 1935, the foundations were complete, and the steel workers began construction of the two towers that would carry the 544 foot movable span.  The Cape Cod Canal was actually closed for five days in September of 1935 while the middle sections of the span were completed.  On the morning of December 29, 1935, a passenger train from Boston to Hyannis was the first train to cross the bridge.

The 544 foot span weighs 2,050 tons and provides 136 feet of vertical clearance when in the raised position at mean high water.  The span is balanced at each end by a 1,000 ton counterweight.  The span is raised and lowered by four 150 horsepower electric motors which take about 2 and a half minutes to fully lower and seat the span.  An emergency generator is located on the North side of the bridge, in case of a power outage.

Across the Bridge
A Cape Cod Central Railroad train crosses the bridge, viewed from the cab of RS3m 1201.

When a train needs to cross the bridge, they radio bridge control, who in turn contacts the marine traffic controller.  The traffic controller must verify that there are no large vessels in, or approaching the canal before he can give bridge control permission to lower the span.  He also must dispatch a patrol boat approximatly one half mile up current from the bridge to warn smaller boats that the bridge will be lowered (and if necessary the patrol boat can stop smaller boats, for when the bridge is lowered, there is only about 7 feet of clearance from the water).  Once the traffic controller has done this, he can give bridge control permission to lower the span.  Bridge control then sounds two blasts of the bridge's horn, and then proceeds to lower the span.  Once the bridge is fully lowered, and seated properly, he notifys the Buzzards Bay tower operator.  The operator is in charge of the interlocking.  The operator then throws a system of levers, which do a number of things, including:  Lock the bridge in the lowered position and prohibit bridge control from attempting to raise the span; Position the turnout (Canal Junction) for either the Cape Main (to Hyannis and Yarmouth) or the Falmouth Branch; close the derail(s) necessary for train movement, and finally give the train an Approach signal.

View of the bridge looking from the Buzzards Bay station platform.

Once the train is clear of the interlocking, this procedure is reversed.  The operator turns all signals to Stop, puts all derails in the derailing position, and restores power to bridge control.  Bridge control then proceeds to raise the span.  Once locked in the fully raised position, bridge control sounds one blast of the bridge's horn, to signal marine traffic that the bridge is fully raised.

Another railroad structure located in Buzzards Bay is the interlocking operator's tower.  This structure was built by the New Haven Railroad in the early part of the twentieth century.  It is still an integral part of railroad operations today, as it controls the interlocking at Buzzards Bay.  The tower is designated as number U 416.

The third railroad structure located in Buzzards Bay is the railroad station.  This station replaced one originally constructed in 1872.  This station is architecturally similar to one at West Barnstable (futher down the Cape Main) and was also built by the New Haven.

The view of the tower and Buzzards Bay Railroad Station.

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